Tag Archives: ireland

  • National Labour Struggle - July 1920

    National Struggle

    Labour disputes all across Ireland continued in July 1920 and were championed by newspapers such as The Watchword of Labour.

    In its pages amid the ongoing War of Independence, The Watchword carried news of these ongoing labour disputes which were in many communities as the national struggle. In Killucan, county Westmeath there was an ongoing dispute over payment to farm workers from which farmers had tried to renege from the settlement reached; It was similar scenario around Aughrim, county Wicklow where farm labourers had secured an increase in wages after dispute. In Navan and Newbridge those engaged in the equine business also agreed to an increase in wages to stable workers. In Bandon, Newry and Galway road workers continued to push their case for an increase in wages. The condition of work for these men were also challenged; in county Meath it was agreed that it would be a fifty hour week with a 1pm finish on a Saturday. Where employers would not meet the demands of workers there was an inevitable result. In Lucan, county Dublin the ITGWU organised the complete stop of the woolen mills there. Yet even within these forces of labour representation there was dissent. In the village of Castlejordan on the Meath/Offaly border dispute between the ITGWU representatives and those in the farmers unions were evident. Cleverly, agricultural labourers in this border post had claimed and won the wages of their compatriots in Meath who earned two shillings more than those in Offaly.

    Source: The Watchword of Labour 1919-1920, Saturday, July 24, 1920, page 8

    National Labour Struggle WW_24Jul1920pg8

  • Bellowstown Raids - July 1920

    Bellowstown Raids

    Ernie O’Malley’s great account of the Irish War of Independence and the subsequent Civil War was entitled ‘Raids and Rallies’.

    In July 1920 raids of a different nature were carried out all across the country by the British military who were determined to exert their influence and to turn the tide of the war. In county Meath it seems not even a church was safe. At Bellewstown, the Catholic Church in the village was forcibly entered by the military who proceeded to search of weapons. The raid on Bellewstown was not an isolated incident and many priests who displayed republican sympathies were targeted by the military, particularly the newly arrived recruits in the summer of 1920. On the same day, a raid on the Bellewstown races in county Meath where the crowd were searched was an attempt to disrupt the social world of county Meath. Likewise, the inhabitants of the village of Rathduff, county Westmeath experienced the wrath of the military who raided more than forty houses on a single day. In Rathduff a young man named McCarthy was arrested and brought away by the military although there was no charge against him. In a clear sign that they were intent on preventing people from carrying out their daily activities the military searched all trains inbound and outbound in Mullingar, which caused difficulty for people and business in the midlands town.

    Source: Irish Bulletin, 17 July 1920, page 1.

    Bellowstown RaidsIrishBulletin July 1920

  • Irish War Of Independence-Killmallock-1920

    Irish War Of Independence-Killmallock-1920

    The wreck of the town Killmallock in county Limerick in July 1920 emphasised how violent the military response to IRA actions could be.

     

    During the night of the 23 July the military arrived in Killmallock, county Limerick in lorries and having alighted from them sprayed the towns houses and business premises with a volley of bullets. The attack on the village sent came as a terrifying surprise to its inhabitants. The military then began to set fire to a number of buildings, mainly business premises but in which a number of people were resident. At Lyons Hotel the military attempted to shoot two waitresses and wounded a man named Duggan during their attack. From there they went to Herlihy’s shop where they tried to shoot the owner, but he escaped. A Mr O’Rourke escaped his premises but broke his leg in the process, while a Mr O’Callaghan was violently beaten in his garden with rifle butts. The military then proceeded to burn the premises of William O’Carroll, Mr O’Keefe and John Cahill’s drapery business. The damage done to property was estimated at £6,000. On the same night the military burned the Carnegie Library in Newcastle West, a newly erected building. They also damaged the Creamery in the town and several homes belonging to prominent republicans. Organised to strike fear into the local population, it most cases it had the opposite effect.

     

    Source: Irish Bulletin, 31 July 1920, page 2.

     

    Irish War Of Independence-Killmallock-1920 IrishBulletin_31July1920page2

  • Formation of the GAA - 01st.November.1884

    Michael Cusack Formation of GAA 01.November.1884
    On 1 November 1884, a small and somewhat innocuous meeting took place in Thurles, County Tipperary attended only by a handful of men. However, from these humble beginnings would result the largest sporting organisation in Ireland today. Played in every village and town in the country, the formation of the Gaelic Athletic Association can be traced to this ‘meeting of athletes and friends of athletes’ at Miss Hayes’ Commercial Hotel, Thurles. Gathered there this small group of men, led by Maurice Davin and Michael Cusack, were determined to provide ‘amusements’ for ‘Irish people during their leisure hours’ and form an organisation for the cultivation of our national pastimes which by this time were said to have been ‘dead and buried’ and ‘in several localities to be entirely forgotten’.
    This initial meeting was poorly attended when several of the important athletic clubs in the south of Ireland did not send representatives. Much of the early worries were about how they would finance the movement but these considerations were soon side-lined when the delegates present spoke of their enthusiasm for such an organisation. One delegate queried ‘why should we not have athletic festivals like other people- I mean on a national scale’, while another complained that Irish affairs were constantly dictated to by Englishmen. For the record Other founding members present were John Wyse-Power, John McKay, J.K. Bracken, Joseph O’Ryan and Thomas St George McCarthy. By the end of the decade, the GAA had sprung to life and would lead the great cultural reawakening, which would define the next fifty years of Irish society.
    Today, the GAA has over 2,200 clubs in all thirty-two counties of Ireland and has close to 500,000 members worldwide. It is part of the Irish consciousness and plays an influential role in Irish society that extends far beyond the basic aim of promoting the playing of Gaelic games.

    #GAA, #History, #Ireland

    Source Newspaper: www.irishnewsarchive.com - Irish Examiner, 3 November 1884
    Photo By Unknown - NUI Galway Digital Collections, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=69710947

  • On this Day in History

    On this Day in History 10th to 15th March

    History does not have preferred days or dates, therefore events that change the world can happen at any given moment. On this day, will be giving you some of the facts which happened between the 9th and the 15th of March, which have shaped the politics and the world.

    9th of March

    The Tokyo bombing, the single most destructive bombing raid in history, commenced on this day in 1945. U.S. warplanes dropped 2,000 tons of incendiary bombs over the course of the next 48 hours. Irish Examiner 1945: http://bit.ly/1MmJYaA Continue Reading

5 Item(s)